The unknown girl
"The unknown girl" is a realist portrait created by the Russian painter Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy in 1883. It is a canvas oil painting and is now in the Trechakov Art Museum in Moscow. In this painting, Kramskoy relies on realism, classical styling, and through the gestures, movements, costumes and expressions of the characters, to show a Russian intellectual woman who is resolute, decisive, full of thoughts and exudes youthful vitality. Image. The whole picture uses strong contrasts of light and darkness, harmonious and elegant tones, soft tones and atmosphere, and the image's authenticity and individuality make the work with realism.
This "The unknown girl" is a character portrait. The painting is an image of a young Russian female intellectual in the late 19th century: she wore the costumes of the women of the upper class in the winter of the North, sitting on the luxurious open-top carriage, looking at the audience with high and self-respecting. The picture is set against the backdrop of the winter city, and the roof of the building is covered with white snow. The bright sky set off the solemn girl's solemn shadow. Her body leaned gently against the back of the chair, her head slightly turned her two sleeves in the fur cage, her left hand showed the bracelet, her eyes looked at the painting, she was dressed in fur. A striped velvet coat, a hat with white ostrich feathers and a blue-violet bow tie at the neck.
In the middle of the 19th century, with the disintegration of the serf system, Russia ushered in the prosperity of culture and art. After the death of Briullov and Ivanov, after a whole generation of efforts, with the rise of the Russian critical realism literary movement A realist school of painting, the roving exhibition school, appeared, and its founder was Evan Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy.
In the painting, the painter shows a typical Russian woman who is resolute, decisive, full of thoughts and exuberant. The paintings depict the characters in the paintings, the soft colors and atmosphere, the true and individual image. Make the work with a realistic component.
Moreover, the attraction of this work lies in the artist's successful excavation of the inner world of the character. The woman is dressed in the winter costume of the North Country, sitting on the carriage, with a rich connotation in the eyes of the cross, showing This world is incompatible, cold-eyed, dismissive, and unwilling to merge with it. This is a woman with independent personality. She is no longer an embellishment of life, but a person who can think independently and have a life. The intrinsic spiritual temperament of the new woman with independent insights has made her stand out from the many facial features and become a portrayal of the human spirit. This implies the attitude of some democratic intellectuals to society at that time, and also reflects the artist's aesthetic view.
The painting truly represents a young woman of the 19th century Russia. Some people say that she is the image of the hero of the novel created by the painter for Tolstoy's "Anna Karenina"; others say that she is an actor, because the building that is looming on the background is Peter. Fort Alexander Theatre. The painter created a new expression style in the portrait, that is, the theme is used to depict the portrait. What is shown here is the image of a Russian intellectual woman who is resolute, decisive, full of thoughts and exuberant, giving a strong artistic appeal.
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