The Last Supper
The Last Supper is created by Italian artist Leonardo Da Vinci. It is based on the theme of Jesus'last supper with the twelve disciples in the Bible. The panic, anger, suspicion, and whitening of the characters, as well as gestures, eyes and actions, are all delicately and vividly depicted. They are the most famous works created on this subject. Collected in St. Mary's Gratitude Church, Milan, Italy.
The Last Supper is based on the New Testament. According to the Gospel of Mark, the last time Jesus went to Jerusalem for Passover, the chief priest of the Jewish religion conspired to arrest him at night, but suffered from no one to lead the way. Just then Judas, the disciple of Jesus, informed the chief priest of the Jewish religion, "How much will you give me if I give him to you?" And the chief priests of the Jewish religion gave Judah thirty dollars. So Judas made an appointment with the chief priest: the man he kissed was Jesus. On Passover, Jesus sat down with 12 disciples for the last supper. He said sadly to 12 disciples, "I tell you the truth, one of you is going to betray me!" Twelve disciples were shocked, angry, agitated or nervous when they heard the words. "The Last Supper" shows the tension of this moment.
Leonardo Da Vinci used the parallel perspective method, using the most traditional one-character arrangement of composition conventions, so that the central focus was on the bright forehead of Jesus. Jesus stretched out his hands and lowered his eyes. He had finished speaking in silence. However, his gestures have an irresistible spiritual appeal to inspire people to reflect and meditate. The work employs superb techniques of light and shade, and all characters are captured in mysterious and tranquil shadows. Unlike Castanio and other three painters, Da Vinci used shadows to eliminate all the details in the background.
The twelve disciples were full of emotions and strong movements, showing Leonardo's ability to observe and shape various characters. At the same time, centered on Christ, they are organized in a fairly orderly way into four balanced groups. The ingenious combination gave them peace of order. Judah's retreat transformed the passion of his disciples into silent noise. It is because of this contrast that Jesus'silence shows great power. Gombrich used the word "mime" to describe the scene atmosphere of this work, which is meaningful.
Leonardo Da Vinci's Last Supper not only marks the peak of Leonardo Da Vinci's artistic achievements, but also marks the maturity and greatness of Renaissance art creation. This work achieves the correctness of sketch performance and the accuracy of observation of things. It enables people to truly feel the corner of the real world, and has made great achievements in composition. The combination of characters constitutes a beautiful pattern. The picture has a relaxed and natural balance and harmony. More importantly, he creatively returned the creation of the Holy Communion theme to the original cultural meaning of historical origin, thus endowing the work with the vitality and historical significance of creation.
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