"Sistine Madonna" is an oil painting by the Italian painter Raffaello Santi from 1513 to 1514 to commemorate the chapel of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, reconstructed by Pope Sykes II. Master of Ancient Art at the Zwinger Museum in Dresden, Germany. The painting is a masterpiece in Raffaello's "The Madonna". The characters in the painting are similar in size to the real person. It is famous for its sweet and leisurely lyric style. Originally it was placed on the shrine of the church, and in 1574 it was kept in the Sistine Chapel, hence the name.
At the top of the screen, the curtain unfolds and the Virgin is holding the little Jesus. Her clothes are in white, red and blue, symbolizing purity, love and truth. Her delicate face has a soft dignity, which clearly shows the mother's melancholy and helplessness, and also shows the destiny of the Son. The Son was infected by his mother and seemed to have foreseen his mission. The tender face showed deep sorrow and anxiety. His right hand was somewhat flinching at the mother's cloak, which seemed to indicate the vague fear in his heart. At the bottom left of the picture is the Roman Pope Sistine II in the 3rd century AD. He was wearing a robe and looked up at the Virgin. An eager and humble temper was on his face. The gesture of his hand shows his veneration and earnestness. At the bottom right of the picture is the Virgin Barbara, the saint of the early Christian martyrdom. Although she has a pleading with Sistine in reason, she is a woman who knows the torture of her mother. Therefore, although she turned to the Virgin, she turned her face again. Although her face was quiet, she still revealed the pain and contradiction in her heart.
This work shapes the image of a human savior. The Virgin is determined to sacrifice his children to save the world of suffering. The painting depicts the gentleness and beauty of women, and praises the noble actions of the Virgin to dedicate the Son of Love to the great cause of saving mankind.
The figure is similar in size to the real person. The triangle composition consisting of the Virgin and the saints is solemn and balanced. The body of the Virgin and Jesus is bodybuilding and powerful, showing the happiness and greatness of maternal love.
The picture is like a stage. When the curtain is opened, the Virgin's foot steps on the cloud, and the goddess sends the Virgin. Pope Sistine II, the ruler of the human authority, wears the luxurious Pope's robe, takes off the laurel, and sincerely welcomes the Virgin to the world. On the other side of the Virgin is the Virgin Mary, her image is charming and moving. She turned her head and looked down at the little angels with her motherly kindness, as if sharing the secrets of thought with them, which is the most beautiful part of Raphael's paintings. The Madonna descended from the sky and appeared in front of the viewer. At first glance, the young and beautiful face of the Virgin was solemn and peaceful. The beautiful lips of the Virgin were carefully seen, as if listening to the blessings of the Virgin.
The two little angels squatting down and looking up at the advent of the Virgin, staring at the childish heart. It is said that these two children were seen by Raphael one day in front of the bakery. The two children were bent to make a naive look. Raphael quickly wrote them down and added them to the painting.
From the perspective of painting techniques, Rafael has used the short-shrinking perspective appropriately, thus leaving a space for deep sense between the characters, giving a heavy and real feeling. The artist's short and powerful sketch style is also vividly played. The lines in the painting are handled neatly and magnificently, and have a kind of flamboyant power, such as the lines on the Virgin's clothes, the robes and the holy sacred to the right by Sistine II. The fragile clothes of the female Barbie are as if they are all being blown by a magical holy wind. The body curves of the baby boy and the little angel all use the processing method of the local sketch, and the application is just right. In color processing, the painter used a variety of colors to make the characters vivid and agile, achieving a good color effect.
The Raphael's Madonna and the medieval icon are completely different. He reflects the humanistic ideal of the Renaissance with the motherly warmth and youthful bodybuilding. This Sistine Madon, completed between 1512 and 1514, excels in its works in its beautiful and elegant art style, and has a special place in the history of Western painting.
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