Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) is a French post-Impressionist painter and sculptor. He is also known as the three great masters of Post-impressionism with Van Gogh and Cezanne.

Born in Paris, France, Gauguin worked as a seaman when he was young, and later became a stockbroker. In 1873, Gauguin began to learn painting and became a professional painter in 1883. He participated in four consecutive Impressionist exhibitions. In 1886, Gauguin left Paris to paint in the town of Pontai in Brittany. The next year, Gauguin traveled across the Atlantic to
Martinique Island in the West Indies. The tropical scenery of the island inspired his art. His works were further simplified in form and color to convey pure feelings and spiritual content. After 1890, Gauguin grew tired of civilized society and went to the wild. Tahiti Island in the Pacific Ocean became his destination. In 1897, Gauguin was sick and poorer, and attempted to commit suicide. In 1901, he left Tahiti for the Marquesas Islands and died two years later.

Gauguin's paintings have unique decorative features in form. The picture shows the characteristics of simplicity and simplicity, regional color planarization. The image in the picture is highly generalized, concise and both physical and spiritual. The picture has strong decorative and formal aesthetics. Gauguin uses special composition and bright colors to organize different objects together, so that there is a connection between the elements of the picture in the form, making the painting full of formality, order, rhythm and rhythm.

Gauguin finds a special way to express three-dimensional space in the plane. He created a multi-level spatial visual effect through the relationship of picture segmentation, color block contrast and object occlusion, and the sense of space came into being.

Gauguin in the image of the picture with bold single-line flat color, black line delineation, with lines to divide the color, that is to say, he abandoned the traditional light and shade, abandoned the influence of light source color on objects, using lines rather than using the sense of volume to deal with the edges of things in the picture. In his paintings, we can't see the things shaped by the similar harmonic colors, but the plain paintings, smooth lines and simple colors of pure colors, which make the image of the picture have a strong visual impact and wonderful decorative effect.

Gauguin's contribution to modern art is embodied in his belief in the essence of painting in theory and form. He believes that the essence of painting is something independent of nature, and that art is a way of life he yearns for. His painting style and form are free from spiritual bondage and run through mysterious, primitive, symbolic and subjective painting concepts. He gets inspiration from primitive art and traditional art. No matter composition or color, he has strong decorative effect and mystery. His rugged and powerful painting style touched people's soul with bold conception, simple lines, pure and beautiful color and strong decorative composition. His pursuit of subjectivity exaggeration of form and color had a certain impact on later artists, opened up a road for various primitive and symbolic arts and guided the direction.


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